Several species of shrub of the genus Coffea produce the berries from which coffee is extracted. The two main species commercially cultivated are Coffea canephora (predominantly a form known as 'robusta') and C. arabica. Coffea arabica is predominantly self- pollinating, and as a result the seedlings are generally uniform and vary little from their parents.
Rubiacee (Jasmin, Chinaroot, gardenia, etc.)
IDEAL HABITAT -
Tropical and equatorial regions Warm
climate and humidity Temperature ranging from 15 to
30 °C (59 to 86 °F) Volcanic soils rich in nitrogen.
PLANT HEIGHT -
The plant can grow to a height of 12
meters (40 feet),but cultivated plants are pruned when
they reach 6.5/9.5 ft to make harvesting easier.
PLANT LIFE -
20 - 30 years
ANNUAL YIELD PER PLANT -
Aprox. 900g (1.9 lb) of green coffee.
FRUIT (SIMILAR TO A CHERRY) -
It turns from green
to red or yellow when fully ripe.